FAQ - DUI
The purpose of this section is to post some of our most frequently asked questions when we get calls about DUI cases.1. My friend was taken into custody after being arrested for DUI. How do I get them out of jail?
Call a bondsman and pay 10% of the set bond required to release them from jail. Then, call an attorney right away to discuss their rights and formulate a plan of action for the court proceedings.2. What is the legal BAC (blood alcohol concentration) limit to legally drive in Florida?
If you are 21 years old or older, the maximum BAC one can legally operate a motor vehicle with is 0.08%. If you are under the age of 21, the state of Florida’s Zero Tolerance policy applies to you, where the legal limit is reduced from 0.08% to 0.02%.3. Can I get a DUI if I take medication that my doctor has prescribed to me?
Yes. Even if your doctor orders that you take certain drugs and writes a prescription, those drugs can still alter your ability to think and act in a safe manner when behind the wheel of a car. Ultimately, it is at their discretion. If a police officer does not suspect that your medication could have impaired brain or motor function, it is unlikely that he or she will issue a DUI citation. If the opposite were to occur, meaning the officer does suspect that your prescribed medication is inhibiting your ability to drive safely, then he or she will issue a citation for DUI.4. During a DUI investigation, is it better to refuse to take a breath test than to blow?
When you submit to a breath test, there is a hard, quantified, undisputable measure of exactly how much alcohol is in your system. You have the right to refuse a breath test in a DUI investigation, however under Florida law, a refusal can be used as evidence against you in court and your license will be automatically suspended for a year. The upside to this scenario is that there is no hard evidence of intoxication other than the refusal, which a good DUI attorney would bring up in court. By refusing to blow, you do not give law enforcement any hard evidence for conviction which could help you in court.5. What can hiring a lawyer do for my DUI case?
Hiring an attorney is always your best course of action whenever you deal with the law or the legal system in any case. Hiring a lawyer is the difference between going to jail, having to pay large fines, having a permanent criminal record, having your driving privilege revoked, and having a hard time finding a job with a DUI on your record versus paying court costs, taking a diversion program and having the charges reduced or even dropped. It is without a doubt in your best interest to hire a lawyer for any case, especially DUI.6. I was charged with DUI in Florida but I live outside of the state. Do I have to come back and go to court if I retain an attorney?
Typically we can handle a DUI case without our clients having to step foot inside a courthouse. We can appear on your behalf and resolve the case in such a manner.7. What signs do police officers look for when conducting a DUI investigation?
DUI cases typically arise from moving violations such as speeding, reckless driving, improper lane change, etc. Simple moving violations late at night on roads that lead away from cities with popular night life such as Miami, Fort Lauderdale or West Palm Beach are indicators to police that drugs and alcohol might be involved. Once an officer has stopped you, he or she will look for signs such as:
- Flushed Face
- Bloodshot/watery Eyes
- Odor of Alcohol on Breath
- Slurred Speech
- Disheveled Appearance
- Poor Display of Motor Skills
- Difficulty maintaining balance
Common test include the Heel-to-Toe test in which you will be instructed to walk in a straight line touching your heel to your toe with each step. You could be asked to stand on one leg and maintain balance as well.9. Is a DUI a felony or a misdemeanor in Florida?
The short answer is: it depends. First and second time DUIs are usually charged as misdemeanors, however it could be considered felony DUI if serious injury upon someone occured.10. How do I get my license back after it has been suspended for DUI?
If you license has been suspended, you can apply for a hardship license, meaning the court will consider granting you a temporary conditional driver’s license that allows you only to travel for work, school, church or medical purposes.11. What should I do if I am being investigated for DUI?
First and foremost, we do not recommend driving after drinking. If, however, you find yourself in that situation, your best course of action is to be polite and cooperate with the officer. You are not legally required to answer any questions they ask you, so if they start asking you incriminatory questions, you have the constitutional right against self-incrimination. You can say something like “with all do respect sir/ma’am, my attorney advised me not to answer any questions without his permission.”12. How can a police officer tell if someone is under the influence of drugs rather than alcohol?
Every law enforcement agency has units dedicated to DUI and DUID investigations. Specially trained police officers monitor physical signs and symptoms of drug intoxication and can conclude through investigation if a suspect is in fact under the influence of certain types of drugs. Obviously, prescription pills will not affect the numbers on a breathalyzer, so DUID charges are issued with nothing but the officer’s discretion or an admission of guilt by the suspect. Questions like “are you prescribed any medication?” or “have you taken any drugs tonight?” are bait that officers use to get a confession out of a driver.13. What is the 10-day rule?
Under Florida law, there is a rule that states that somebody who is arrested for DUI has ten days to formally choose one of two options: One is an Administrative Hearing which can determine if the arresting officer had probable cause to arrest you for DUI, and the other is to waive your right to a review hearing in order to be granted a Business Purpose Only (BPO) license. If one have been arrested for DUI, their license will automatically be suspended, so it is important for those who depend on driving their cars to work to apply for a BPO immediately unless advised otherwise by their attorney.14. What are the parameters placed on BPO licenses?
BPO licenses are granted, at the discretion of the judge, to those who need to operate a motor vehicle to travel to and from work. Florida law defines “business purposes only” as “a driving privilege that is limited to any driving necessary to maintain livelihood including driving to and from work, necessary on-the-job driving, driving for educational purposes, and driving for church or medical purposes.”15. What is “implied consent?”
One condition of being issued a Florida driver’s license is the requirement of submitting to breath, blood or urine tests if a police officer suspects a driver of driving under the influence. By being given the privilege of driving, you are consenting and agreeing to the rules set by Florida legislature, including the requirement to submit to field sobriety and chemical tests to determine whether or not the driver was, in fact, under the influence of drugs or alcohol while driving. This requirement to automatically submit to these tests or forfeit your license is referred to, in Florida, as “implied consent.”